Introduction :- Bhagat Singh (28 December 1907 – 23 March 1931) was a major freedom fighter and great revolutionary of India. Singh was born in Baoli village of Layalpur district in Punjab, which is now based in Pakistan. Bhagat was born in a Jatt family, his father’s name was Sardar Kishan Singh and mother’s name was Vidhyavati Kaur.
History of Bhagat Singh :- Bhagat was fearlesss and courageous since his childhood.In all the works of Bhagat Singh, he had the impression of being brave and courageous. The Jalianwala Bagh massacre in Amritsar on April 13, 1919 had a profound effect on Singh’s thinking. Bhagat was about 12 years old during the massacre. On receiving this information, Bhagat reached the Jalianwala Bagh a distance of 12 miles away from his school. After reaching there they saw that thousands of unarmed people havebeen killed. It hurt them very much. Like the entire nation, he used to respect Mahatma Gandhi but he considered it appropriate to adopt Gandhi ji nonviolent ways and non-cooperation movememt and adopt the path of divine revolution for the country’s independence. Leaving the studies of the National College of Lahore, Bhagat established the Young Bharat Saabha for India’s independence. Four revolutionaries, including Ram Prasad Bismil, were hanged in the Kakori scandal and 16 other revolutionaries were sentenced to imprisonment. Impressed by this incident Bhagat Singh joined Chandrasekhar Azad with his party Hindustan Republican Association and gave it a new name, Hindustan Socialist Republican Association.The purpose of this organization was to create service, sacrifice and young men who could withstand suffering. In many such organizations and revolution activities, Bhagat Singh participated and fought for freedom for the country. Bhagat along with his partner Batukeshwar Dutt, used to throw bombs and parchies to wake up the British government on April 8, 1929 in the Parliament Hall of the Central Assembly of British India presently at New Delhi. Bhagat, Shukhdev and Rajguru were sentenced to death in Lahore conspiracy case and Batukeshwar Dutt was given life imprisonment. On March 23, 1931 at 7:00 pm those three soldiers were hanged. Even today, the masses of India and Pakistan look at Bhagat Singh as a junkel of freedom, who had given up all his life including his youth for the country.
Special Incident of Bhagat Singh’s Life :- Their marriage was being decided to avoid Singh escaped to Kampur. He had left the previous letter in which he had written that my life is dedicated to the best causes it is the ‘freedom of the country’, therefore there is no comfort or worldly desire which can attract me now.